There’s nothing more annoying than experiencing stuttering in games. A lot of the time, games can adjust graphics settings automatically, but even that can be flaky. Given that you know what your machine is capable of, it’s best to configure these settings manually.
There are many reasons why you might be experiencing stuttering in games, and it all depends on the type of game you’re playing. If it’s a graphics-intensive game, say ‘Red Dead Redemption 2’, then your GPU will carry a great load. If you’re playing a simulation game like ‘Cities: Skylines’, then you’ll need more RAM.
Let’s first discuss troubleshooting and see where the problem lies.
Making sure your PC is at minimum system requirements before buying the game may seem like common sense, but for the best gaming experience, it’s best to get a game that your PC can run at recommended system requirements. This is because the minimum means exactly that – the game will technically run, but it may be on the lowest settings and at 5 frames per second.
And is that really gaming?
A lot of modern PC games have a built-in benchmarking tool, but you could always use a different one. With this tool, you can see how much FPS you’re getting and decide how to proceed.
Graphic-wise, there are some things that you can give up and still enjoy the game. If you’re not playing the game for its wonderful graphics, here are some of the in-game settings that can be modified to stop the stuttering.
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Firstly, you can try lowering the resolution, which can actually turn out to be quite effective. You should ensure you’re not running the game at a larger resolution than your monitor can cope with. That’ll just needlessly overbear the GPU, which can cause it to perform other necessary operations more slowly.
Sometimes, when the refresh cycle of the display is not in sync with the rendering cycle, an effect known as screen tearing can happen. This means the display tries to show the GPU’s output while the card is in the middle of swapping frames.
If you turn on the VSync, you can resolve this issue. However, it unfortunately comes with its own problems, such as input lag.
Aliasing makes lines look jagged, it’s as simple as that. One of the best solutions for this is anti-aliasing, as is it renders the frame at a certain number of times and smooths over the transition between surfaces.
These numbers are usually found in settings as 2x, 4x, 8x, and 16x. Obviously, as the number gets larger, the graphics get smoother, but if you set it to 2x or turn anti-aliasing off, you’ll be saving your GPU the necessary time for all that extra computing.
The technology to fight aliasing is ever-developing, so keep an eye out for advances in this area.
Texture filtering calculates how a regular 2D image or other data will be mapped to a full 3D model. A single pixel on the 3D model won’t be a direct one to one match to a pixel on its own texture (referred to as texel). This is because you’re able to see the model from different angles and distances.
When we look for the color of a pixel, we get the spot that it matches to on the texture, and then get a few samples from closeby texels, and get an average out of them. This is the most basic way in which texture filtering is done and is called bilinear filtering.
We also have trilinear filtering and anisotropic filtering. Without getting too technical, let’s just say these further enhance the graphics quality. So, likewise, using the lowest settings will certainly bump up your FPS, although not as much as anti-aliasing.
This is another big player when lowering stuttering in games. As it’s pretty self-explanatory, let’s just quickly sum it up – lower texture quality means more FPS, but worse-looking graphics. Sometimes, it’s a trade-off worth making.
Those were some of the most common settings you can find in games that can really help with stuttering. It’s also possible that your rig is completely up to the task, but is bogged down by other things. Let’s see what can be done in this case.
Update Your GPU Driver
A lot of newer graphics cards come with a software that controls driver updates automatically, but you need to be wary of relying too much on this. There will be situations where this software will not do that, and that’s on GPU manufacturers, not on you. Still, it’s worth checking if you have the latest drivers.
Turn Off Unnecessary Background Processes
Nowadays, there’s a lot of bloatware which can make the game unbearably slow. I’m not going to call Google Chrome bloatware, but it’s definitely a RAM-hungry browser. It allows plugins and addons to use whatever they need and whenever they need it, and this gets taken advantage of a lot.
It’s worth noting that Google is slowly working on this, but the problem still persists. If a browser is something you desperately need to play the game, be it streaming or watching a tutorial, Mozilla Firefox is the best-known alternative.
The task manager is your best friend if you need to have an even better insight into what’s slowing down your PC. The easiest way to access it is to right-click the taskbar and then select task manager.
Once there, you can use the ‘Processes‘ tab to see exactly what application is using what part of your PC and what is the best way to eliminate processes that you don’t need while gaming.
Another awesome trick is checking out the ‘Details‘ tab. There you can right-click the executable of your game and set the priority level to ‘High’. While technically ‘Realtime’ is an option, you shouldn’t use it because it messes up other processes that are required for gaming, like the mouse and keyboard inputs.
If you’re gaming on Windows, there are several system-specific tasks put in the background by Microsoft that can seriously damage your FPS. Luckily, they also made it easy to turn off these settings. Simply search for ‘Game Bar‘ in your settings window and turn it off.
If you’re using an Intel processor, you can turn off the ‘Intel Turbo Boost‘. It’s a tool that automatically overclocks your CPU for some operations and it’s turned on by default.
Check Your Internet Connection
Obviously, this only applies if you’re playing an online game, but it can still cause headaches for no good reason. When playing an online game, it’s best to choose a server that’s close to you, since this can cause dramatic improvements when experiencing stuttering in games. Nothing can be done about your local competition, though.
Those are some of the quick and easy things you can do right off the bat to reduce stuttering in games.
However, there are plenty of other things that can be done. These are all hardware fixes that would require going to a store or waiting for a delivery.
These include upgrading your GPU or CPU; a little cheaper solution could be adding more RAM or upgrading to an SSD and, of course, running your games from said SSD. It’s also possible that your PSU is underpowered or that either your CPU or GPU is overheating.
The aim of this article was to help with fixing stuttering in games in the easiest possible way and we hope you found it useful.