60Hz vs 144Hz vs 240Hz vs 360Hz – What Is The Best Refresh Rate For Gaming?

With technology moving at the rate it’s running, you’ll probably be left wondering how hard you should try to keep up. The flashy capabilities of GPU often overshadow and undermine the fact that a monitor with a matching refresh rate is also the key to experiencing high-end graphics.

One of the first things you need to do before buying a fresh 240Hz monitor is to ensure that your graphics card can provide that output. Conventional wisdom errs on the side of the GPU producing more FPS than you monitor’s refresh rate.

For clarity, it’s better to have a system that produces 200 FPS on a 144Hz monitor than to have a 144 FPS producing system on a 144Hz monitor.

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Why Is Monitor Refresh Rate Important?

A Man With Cap Enjoying Computer Game

Games (and other moving images) are displayed on the monitor when the GPU sends a bunch of still images in rapid succession. The better the GPU, the faster images will be sent, and if it gets below a certain point, the illusion of movement will be shattered.

If you want to enjoy a smooth showing from your graphics card, then you have to make sure it is up to par with the game you’re trying to play. Surprisingly, another critical factor that sometimes slips through the cracks is the need to have a great monitor that can keep up with the GPU. Otherwise, the GPU will needlessly produce frames that the monitor can’t show, and you might end up tempted to fix a problem that isn’t there.

Not to mention that the unnecessary overworking of the GPU might lead to overheating and some other bottlenecking problems.

Now let’s talk about some potential upsides and downsides of each monitor refresh rate and why you should choose one over another.

60Hz vs 144Hz

The biggest reason you’re still using a 60Hz monitor is probably due to budget reasons. As it goes with technology, this is the oldest and the most well-established refresh rate tech, but it is going out of fashion quickly.

The most straightforward answer as to why people that have tried a 144Hz monitor (or even a 240Hz one) can’t go back is that when they tried to go back, everything, from the mouse cursor on the desktop to actual heavy-duty gameplay, felt sluggish. So, if you’re still enjoying your 60Hz monitor, there’s no need to despair, just don’t try ones with a higher refresh rate.

Comparison Between 144hz And 60hz.
Comparison between 144Hz and 60Hz.

The stark contrast of the picture above will undoubtedly leave many questioning its authenticity and if it was, in fact, edited. To the surprise of many, the image provides a good comparison of the difference between both refresh rates. We chose this specific image because, as it is well known, in racing games this discrepancy is incredibly noticeable.

There is only one good reason to sticking to 60Hz monitor in 2020 and that’s budget. If you’re not playing games where the frame rate is crucial, then you shouldn’t have to worry. A ‘Civilization 6’ can be experienced perfectly fine on a 60Hz monitor. However, if you’re playing a game like ‘Counter-Strike: Global Offensive’, you will factually have a worse experience than on a 144Hz monitor.

The reason behind that statement is that success at FPS games like that is reliant on your ability to see other players quickly and react even faster. If you’re only seeing less than half, or even a quarter of frames your opponent is seeing, then you will be in trouble.

And not only that, but 60 FPS setup has an end to end latency in the range of 55 to 75ms (in full-screen mode), while a 144 FPS setup ranges from 30 to 45ms. What this means in practice, is that the setup with more frames per second and with accompanying higher monitor refresh rate can generate a higher response rate.

144Hz vs 240Hz

Now we’re getting somewhere. For a long while, a 144Hz monitor refresh rate has been a minimum requirement for competitive play. But, current trends are now a lot more in the 240Hz camp.

One of the biggest reasons why people haven’t dived in headfirst to the 240Hz monitors is that the difference between these two refresh rates isn’t as jarring as the jump from 60Hz to 144Hz.

The difference is nothing to sneeze at though, as it means you’d be going from a frame every 6.95 ms to a frame every 4.17 ms. The jump might seem small, but humans always get used to good things quite quickly, so don’t worry about that.

One thing that’s very important to note is that if you’re playing an older game, like the previously mentioned CS: GO, you’d still be able to game at 240Hz with a mid-tier CPU and GPU. The video below shows a really good comparison for all previously mentioned monitor frame rates.

A really important thing to say when discussing the difference between these two monitor refresh rates is that lately more and more professional eSports gamers are switching to the 240Hz, and as time progresses, it will become the new minimum.

The buying advice here isn’t the same for other hardware. If you’re already moving away from 60Hz, you should definitely skip the 144Hz point and just directly jump to a 240Hz monitor. However, if you’re on a 144Hz monitor already, and you’re desperately looking for a competitive edge, you may want to wait a bit and go straight to 360Hz.

All of this matters only if you have the machine that can support such frame rates.

360Hz Monitor Refresh Rate

Originally announced as an April Fools prank in 2019, Nvidia and Asus shocked the world when they announced their very real 360Hz monitor at CES 2020. Many of those who believed that 240Hz was already as good as it gets, were in for a surprise when this monitor was announced.

The biggest improvement appears to be the ability to display game frames once every 2.8 ms and it seems that the jump will be similar to the 144Hz to 240Hz. At least on paper however, it appears that the jump from 144Hz to 360Hz won’t be as jarring as the jump from 60Hz to 240Hz.

For this Asus ROG Swift 360Hz monitor, Nvidia is providing an “advanced G-Sync processor” and that certainly sounds very promising, but it appears we’ll still have to wait for just a little bit.

Asus isn’t the only one who has a 360Hz monitor coming out, but they were the first to announce it. Alienware also announced their version which will be in fact a 240Hz monitor but can be overclocked to 360Hz.

During Nvidia’s September 1 RTX 3000 series launch event, its CEO Jensen Huang confirmed that the 360Hz monitors are coming in the fall of 2020. Confirmed brands that will offer a monitor with this refresh rate are Acer, Alienware, Asus, and MSI.

Asus’ ROG Swift PG259QN is said to releasing in September, with a $699 price tag, while MSI’s Oculux NXG253R is set to release in November, but cost a little more at $799. Either way, upgrading to a 360Hz monitor won’t be cheap.

Prerequisites For 144Hz Gaming And Beyond

Bottom line is – a high refresh rate monitor is useless unless you have the necessary hardware.

Of course, it is possible to get a good frame rate if you optimize a few settings. Sometimes it might even be better (and bring that much-desired competitive edge) if you lower the visual settings in favor of a higher FPS. Still, strive to keep your games playable and not just a bunch of pixels at 300 FPS because who wants that?

144hz Monitor Front And Back View

However, there’s only so much that you can do to increase the frame rate, and after a certain point, you’ll simply need a stronger GPU.

Nvidia’s RTX 2080 series seems a great choice at the moment for 240Hz gaming, while RTX 2060 series would be enough for a 144Hz experience. Keep in mind that these are suggestions based on the most modern titles, as you’ll be able to play an older and less demanding game at 144Hz with a GTX 1080. Also, as new hardware arrives, we’re bound to get more demanding games.

Once you have your hardware at capable levels, there still might be some kinks to iron out. One that’s often missed is enabling Windows to run at your monitor’s native refresh rate. You do this in Settings -> System -> Display -> Advanced Display Settings -> Display Adapter Properties -> Monitor -> Monitor Settings – Screen Refresh Rate.

You probably already do this, but just to make sure, you need to be running the game at full screen. And of course, adjust the in-game settings if possible.

G-Sync and FreeSync

Nvidia G-sync

These are technologies developed by Nvidia and AMD, respectively, but they do the same thing. They fix the nagging issue that can happen sometimes when the monitor refresh rate differs from the GPU’s output frame rate. This effect is called screen tearing and the technologies that work against it are really cool.

Related:FreeSync vs G-Sync – Which Is Best?

It’s recommended to use G-Sync or FreeSync, depending on your GPU, but it’s important to highlight that there is some talk going about them causing input lag. However, when you’re gaming at 240Hz, that makes the input lag incredibly hard to notice while screen tearing will be hard to miss. The conventional wisdom says that this is not a good trade-off, but you’re free to try it yourself and be the judge of it.

So, Which One Is The Best?

A Man With Headphone And Glasses Playing Computer Game

360Hz. It’s a numbers game and you don’t even need a high-school diploma to know that 360 is the biggest number here.

However, the more important question should be – which one should you get?

And the answer to that question is layered and depends on what games you play and what you want to get out of your gaming experience.

If you enjoy simulation-based games at a leisurely pace, then gaming at 60Hz is great for you. You can invest the money you saved on a cheaper monitor to upgrade your RAM or CPU.

But, if you’re a casual multiplayer gamer, then a 144Hz monitor should be the bare minimum. It’s actually slowly losing its position at the forefront of the discussion, but for at least a few years you’ll be able to play at 144Hz and not feel like your hardware is limiting you like it would be the case if it’s 60Hz vs 144 or 240Hz.

240Hz monitors are necessary if you’re looking to get anywhere in the world of professional gaming. They’ll give you an advantage if you’re a casual player as well.

While only a few people have tried the 360Hz monitors, not a lot of them have reported any remarkable difference. Admittedly, the sample size is rather small, but as of 2020, it’s not worth to get one of those, even if you could.

Aleksandar Cosic
Aleksandar Cosic

Alex is a Computer Science student and a former game designer. That has enabled him to develop skills in critical thinking and fair analysis. As a CS student, Aleksandar has very in-depth technical knowledge about computers, and he also likes to stay current with new technologies.