2020 was an exciting time in both the PC and console worlds. We saw brand-new CPU and GPU releases from AMD and NVIDIA, but we also got the long-awaited next-gen consoles from Xbox and Sony.
To push the GPU technology folder, AMD based its RDNA 3 architecture on TSMC’s 5nm process. But is this new architecture enough to beat NVIDIA and satisfy customers?
Let’s see what RDNA 3 GPUs have to offer!
- May 24, 2023: Updated article with the RX 7600 release and added third-party benchmarks.
- May 22, 2023: Added benchmarks for the RX 7600.
- May 14, 2023: Added release date for RX 7600/XT, added information on other RDNA 3 GPUs.
- April 21, 2023: Added benchmarks on the RX 7600S.
- April 7, 2023: Added news regarding RDNA 3+ in upcoming Zen 5 Strix Point CPUs.
- April 2, 2023: Added performance leaks for the RX 780M.
- March 26, 2023: Quick update.
- March 18, 2023: Added news regarding the RTX 4090 competitor.
- March 9, 2023: Updated the “Price” segment.
- March 2, 2023: Added new potential release date for RX 7800, RX 7700, and RX 7600.
- February 23, 2023: Added news on mid-range RX 7000 GPUs.
- February 15, 2023: Small update.
- January 31, 2023: Added mention of RDNA 3 refresh and lower-end SKUs.
- January 19, 2023: Quick grammar fixes/changes.
- January 12, 2023: Added RDNA 3 mobile lineup specifications and performance benchmarks.
- December 19, 2022: Small update.
- December 13, 2022: Updated entire article for the RX 7900 XTX and RX 7900 XT release.
- December 8, 2022: Added RX 7900 XTX benchmark leak.
- November 29, 2022: Added more information on AMD’s new Hypr-RX feature.
- November 11, 2022: Short update on RDNA 3 and added some news about the RTX 4080.
- November 3, 2022: Added news on specifications, features, performance, and benchmarks from AMD’s announcement event.
- October 31, 2022: Added AMD event information.
- October 25, 2022: Added information on potentially new SKU, RX 7900 XTX.
- October 5, 2022: Changed featured image with RX 7000 design, added new specifications, new price estimates, and more.
- September 22, 2022: Added official release date information.
- September 19, 2022: Added new images and new power consumption-related information.
- August 24, 2022: Updated specifications on all SKUs.
- August 4, 2022: Added new SKU to the table, replaced outdated specifications and more.
- July 12, 2022: Replaced some outdated information under the “Architecture” segment.
- July 5, 2022: Added rumors on possible AI acceleration cores on RDNA 3 architecture.
- June 28, 2022: Added new power-related information and reworked some parts of the article.
- June 15, 2022: Added more specifications, release date rumors, and removed outdated information.
- June 3, 2022: Made a few grammar fixes.
- May 26, 2022: Added a rumor that RDNA3 will have Display Port 2.0.
- May 19, 2022: Another round of big changes to the article based on the news that Navi 31 will have a single GCD.
- May 11, 2022: Added information on refreshed RDNA 2 and RDNA 3 in Phoenix APUs.
- May 4, 2022: Revamped entire article in accordance with new specification information on RDNA 3, added new performance leaks, videos, and more.
- April 22, 2022: Added some release date leaks.
- April 12, 2022: Added more information on RX 7700 XT.
- March 30, 2022: Grammar fixes.
- March 24, 2022: Added RX 7700XT, RX 7900XT and Ada Lovelace performance leaks/guesses.
- March 15, 2022: Added more release date information.
- March 01, 2022: Small updates, nothing significant.
- February 20, 2022: Writing fixes.
- February 9, 2022: Added Lisa Su’s reconfirmation on RDNA 3’s release date and that AMD will secure a lot more GPU supply for 2022.
- January 31, 2022: Revamped some sentences throughout the article for improved readability.
- January 25, 2022: Added leak on potential Navi 21/22 GPUs as a stop-gap for RX 7000.
- January 13, 2022: Added new information from CES.
- December 22, 2021: Updated specifications on Navi 31, 32, and 33 based on greymon55’s latest leak.
- December 14, 2021: Added information about new Accelerator Processor Die.
- December 6, 2021: General update, no new information.
- November 29, 2021: Reworked price estimates.
- November 22, 2021: Rephrased several sentences.
- November 15, 2021: Added new information on RDNA 3’s release date and modified text for improved readability.
- November 12, 2021: Improved specifications table layout for better user experience.
- November 8, 2021: Added rumor about 3D stacked Infinite Cache.
- November 3, 2021: Added information about RDNA 3’s tape-out.
- October 28, 2021: Fixed a few grammar errors.
- October 18, 2021: Added rumors about the PS5 Pro and the possibility of it using RDNA 3.
- October 12, 2021: Changed wording for improved readability.
- October 4, 2021: Added new changes regarding the core count of Navi 33.
- September 27, 2021: Made a few changes, mostly fixed some grammatical errors.
- September 20, 2021: Added rumors regarding the potential performance.
- September 13, 2021: Added more release date information.
- September 2, 2021: Added a table explaining the possible SKU lineup of RX 7000 and a new specification table of Navi 31, 32, 33 and 21.
- August 18, 2021: Added new specification leaks and a block diagram detailing the Navi 33 chip.
- July 28, 2021: Added some new leaks and removed some old ones to support AMD’s drop of Compute Units and the switch to Work Group Processors.
- June 23, 2021: Added more info on the release date and possible Zen3+ stop-gap solution.
- May 10, 2021: Added information on the potential performance of RDNA 3 GPUs based on a popular leaker KittyYYuko.
- April 6, 2021: Added official information claiming a 50% increase in efficiency.
Table of ContentsShow
The two flagships RX 7000 Series GPUs, the RX 7900 XTX and RX 7900 XT officially released for sale on December 13, 2022.
The RX 7600 was released on May 25, 2023.
However, both NVIDIA’s and AMD’s high-end cards are priced near $1,000 or over $1,000, so if you’re looking for better value GPUs, consider the mid-range RTX 4000 and RX 7000 cards.
If you want an RTX 4090 competitor, it might not happen because AMD’s EVP (Rick Bergman) and SVP (David Wang) disliked the idea of a power-hungry and inefficient flagship during an ITMedia interview.
However, AMD accidentally leaked a text file listing all of their current and upcoming graphics card, which includes an RX 7950 XTX, which does sound like an RTX 4090 equivalent.
We also see the RX 7800 XT, RX 7700 XT, RX 7600 XT, and RX 7500 XT, but no non-XT variants even though the RX 7600 is a non-XT GPU.
If RDNA 3 and RTX 4000 do not draw your interest, consider holding out for AMD’s RDNA 4 Series.
Here is the official pricing for the RX 7000 GPUs:
- Radeon RX 7900 XTX – $999
- Radeon RX 7900 XT – $799 (old price – $899)
- Radeon RX 7800 XT – $699?
- Radeon RX 7700 XT – $599?
- Radeon RX 7600 – $269
The Radeon RX 7900 XTX is a direct competitor to the $1200 RTX 4080, but it is $200 cheaper. On the other hand, the Radeon RX 7900 XT, at $899 wasn’t very competitive considering the RTX 4070 Ti deputed at $800.
But, AMD officially cut the price of the RX 7900 XT to $800!
The RX 7600 at $270 seems like a lucrative offer, however, last-gen GPUs like the RX 6650XT are sold at the same prime while performing better. An awful offer as a new-gen GPU.
Navi 3 or RDNA 3 GPUs have a chiplet design. The first ever gaming GPUs to have multiple chiplets fused into one. We’ve seen this same approach in AMD’s Ryzen processors which brought a lot of success to the company over the years.
The Navi 31 die has 1 GCD (Graphics Complex Die) graphics paired with 6 MCD (Multi-cache Die) which sums up to 96 CUs.
Thanks to those MCDs and second-generation Infinity Cache, AMD managed to boost the GPU’s peak bandwidth by 2.7X (up to 5.3 TB/s.)
Next-generation ray tracing accelerators are also added to the chip, so naturally, RX 7000 GPUs offer better ray tracing performance.
This new multi-die setup (and 5nm process node) allowed AMD to cram 165% more transistors-per-mm2.
A new generation of the RDNA architecture on a 5nm fabrication process (from TSMC) is what makes the RX 7000 a solid upgrade over RX 6000.
The RDNA 3 architecture allows higher boost frequencies, more VRAM memory, higher bandwidth, and a lot more.
|Navi 21||Navi 31||Navi 31||Navi 32 (RX 7800 XT?)||Navi 33 (RX 7600 XT?)|
|SKU Name||6950 XT||RX 7900 XTX||RX 7900 XT||RX 7800 XT||RX 7600 XT|
|Node||7nm||5nm + 6nm||5nm + 6nm||5nm + 6nm||6nm|
|1 GCD + 6 MCD||1 GCD + 6 MCDs||1 GCD + 4 MCDs||1 GCD - Monolithic|
|Boost Frequency||2310 MHz||2500 MHz||2500 MHz||?||?|
|Game Frequency||2100 MHz||2300 MHz||2300 MHz||?||?|
|Memory||16 GDDR6||24GB GDDR6||20GB GDDR6||16GB GDDR6||8GB GDDR6|
|Memory Bandwidth||576 GB/s||960 GB/s||800 GB/s||576 GB/s||288 GB/s|
|Infinity Cache||128 MB||96MB||80 MB||64 MB||32 MB|
|Release Date||May 10, 2022||December 13, 2022||December 13, 2022||1H 2023?||1H 2023?|
The RX 7900 XTX is AMD’s flagship with 96 CUs, a boost clock frequency of 2.5 GHz, a whopping 24GB of GDDR6 memory, and all of that at a total board power of 355W.
That’s a 15% increase in frequency over the RX 6950XT and a 20% increase in CUs (Compute Units.)
The flagship’s little brother, the RX 7900 XT is cut down to 84 CUs, 2.0 GHz game clock, 20GB GDDR6 VRAM, and maxed out power draw at 315W.
Another addition to the RDNA 3 lineup will be DisplayPort 2.1. With DP 2.1, users can get 8K@165Hz and 4K@480Hz. NVIDIA’s flagship RTX 4090 is still stuck with DP 1.4a which is limited to 8K@60Hz or 4K@120Hz.
The RX 7600 on the other hand doesn’t bring anything impressive compared to the RX 6600. It has 32 CUs, same as its predecessor, a 128-bit bus, 18 Gbps memory speed, and disappointing 8 gigabytes of VRAM.
Now, finally, let’s look at performance!
During AMD’s event, the company shared various slides, showing performance increases up to 1.7x compared to the RX 6950 XT.
However, companies like NVIDIA, AMD, and Intel like to nitpick the games to show their products in the best possible light.
Unfortunately, there seem to be some significant variances compared to third-party benchmarks.
Nevertheless, let’s first look at the performance of the 7900 XTX compared to current-gen and last-gen cards.
RX 7900 XTX
In most games, the RTX 4080 and RX 7900 XTX offer similar performance, while only a couple of games, including Call of Duty: Modern Warfare II favor AMD’s Radeon cards.
In Hardware Unboxed’s 16-game testing, the RX 7900 XTX is 3.5% faster than the RTX 4080 in 4K resolution. In 1440p, both cards offer practically the same performance. In 1080p, the Radeon GPU is just under 3% faster than the 4080.
Compared to last-gen, the RX 7900 XTX is 20% faster than the RX 6950 XT and 3090 Ti. So, the generational jump is significantly lower than the 1.7x claimed by AMD.
RX 7900 XT
For $900, the RX 7900 XT is naturally behind the RTX 4080 and its bigger brother, RX 7900 XTX.
In Hardware Unboxed’s testing, the RX 7900 XTX is 20% faster than the RX 7900 XT. This kind of performance difference makes the RX 7900 XT obsolete, considering that the flagship is only $100 more expensive.
It’s also only 10% faster than the RX 6950 XT.
Its performance and pricing leads to a much worse price-per-performance than the XTX.
I think that most people would agree when we say that the RX 7600 is a disappointment.
At 1080p, which is really the go-to resolution at this GPU tier, the RX 7600 is about 23% faster than the RX 6600.
This might seem like a good generational improvement, but the illusion is ruined by the almost as fast previous-gen RX 6650 XT, which is also priced very similarly to the RX 7600.
With just 8GB of VRAM, the GPU struggles in VRAM-demanding games like The Last of Us Part I, which is what makes this GPU a bad deal.
We recommend waiting for the upcoming $300 RTX 4060, which might perform better than the RX 7600, while you’ll also get other NVIDIA amenities like Frame Generation, Video Super Resolution, etc.
Ray Tracing Performance
With more capable GPUs, ray tracing acceleration, and upscaling technologies like FSR and DLSS, ray tracing is becoming much more usable and popular.
RDNA 3 comes with new ray-tracing accelerators, so here’s how that helps with in-game performance:
Unfortunately, even with the ray tracing accelerators, performance is still behind NVIDIA. The RTX 4080 is about 60% faster in Cyberpunk 2077 with ray tracing enabled and on Ultra than the RX 7900 XTX.
The gap reduces when you pair the Radeon cards with FSR upscaling vs. NVIDIA cards with DLSS.
The RX 7600 can’t really handle ray-tracing, so we won’t include it here.
Efficiency And Power Draw
AMD’s RDNA architecture brought huge efficiency improvements over the previous GCN architecture. Then, AMD achieved another monumental 50% performance-per-watt leap from RDNA 1 to RDNA 2.
Again, AMD claimed a 54% better performance-per-watt compared to RDNA 2.
Based on the testing done by Hilbert from Guru3D, performance-per-watt is doubled compared to the RX 6950 XT.
Although keep in mind that the RX 7900 XTX will still draw more power than the RTX 4080.
The RX 7600’s power efficiency is not too impressive either. It is better than the previous generation, but NVIDIA’s RTX 40 GPUs are definitely much more power efficient.
Based on this chart, the RX 7600 draws about 10% more power than the RX 6600 for 20-25% more performance.
With RDNA 3 we are also getting a couple of new and updated technologies. Most notable are FSR 3.0 and Hypr-RX.
Supposedly, it can deliver up to two times more FPS compared to FSR 2. It won’t release until 2023 though. That’s all the information we got for now.
Of course, Radeon Super Resolution will also be available for RX 7000 users.
Now, this is where things get interesting.
AMD also announced a new technology named “Hypr-RX” which should also release in the first half of 2023. Hypr-RX should improve FPS and lower latency by a considerable amount.
When AMD first announced Hypr-RX, it seemed as though it was a brand new way to boost FPS, and we hoped it would be something similar to NVIDIA’s DLSS 3/Frame Generation.
However, it turns out that Hypr-RX is a feature that enables Radeon Super Resolution, Radeon Boost, and Radeon Anti-Lag with a single push of a button.
All of these features that are enabled with Hypr-RX are already part of Radeon Software, and you can enable them individually at any time.
Still, Hypr-RX will boost your FPS, so we can appreciate this kind of quality-of-life addition.
AMD claims that enabling Hypr-RX can boost performance by up to 85% in Dying Light 2.
Encoding And Decoding
With a new media engine, AMD has also improved media encoding, decoding, and stream transcoding, which has been a problem for AMD GPUs for years. NVIDIA’s NVENC was always miles ahead.
With AV1 coding, the quality of videos and streams is improved considerably.
EpoxVox tested AMD’s AV1 implementation with the RX 7900 XT, and from what we can see, the quality comes pretty close to NVIDIA.
Here’s the video so you can see for yourself:
Furthermore, AMD announces SmartAccess Video, which can be used to pair Ryzen and Radeon together for a 30% uplift in 4K multi-stream transcoding. This will probably introduce more uplifts in other similar workloads.
RDNA 3 In APUs And Mobile CPUs
RDNA 3 graphics cards will also be available in future Zen 4 mobile CPUs. During CES 2023, AMD announced its RX 7000 mobile lineup.
For now, there are only four GPUs, RX 7600M XT, RX 7600M, RX 7700S, and RX 7600S, but we might see more in the future.
AMD claims that the RX 7600 XT can even be faster than the desktop RTX 3060 in certain video game titles.
The chart above shows that the RX 7600M XT is 27% faster than RTX 3060 12GB in The Witcher 3. Not bad for a laptop GPU!
Compared to its predecessor, RX 6600M 8GB, it can be up to 30% faster in most games.
There is also the RX 7700S, but the specification, power draw, and performance seem to be identical to the RX 7600M XT, so we don’t really see the purpose of it.
It could be that the RX 7700S and RX 7600S are more suited for ultra-light/thinner laptops.
Performance-wise, the RX 7600S performs as fast as AMD’s previous S-variant flagship.
However, NVIDIA’s mobile RTX 4060 is about 5% faster than the RX 7600S when limited both are limited to 80W. When the 4060 is unlocked to 115W, it ends up about 25% faster than the AMD GPU.
That’s not the end of RDNA 3 though. AMD did mention way back that Zen 5 CPUs will be equipped with RDNA 3+ iGPUs.
Now, there are rumors circulating that the RDNA 3+ GPUs will have 8 WGPs clocked at 3 GHz+.
In single-die CPUs like the Ryzen 7045HS series, there’s the new Radeon 780M intergrated GPU.
It may not be comparable to the RX 7600M XT, but it will no doubt be the fastest integrated GPU, comparable to NVIDIA’s GTX 1650 Max-Q.
For now, that’s all there is to share on RDNA 3, but we’ll be sure to provide you with the necessary updates as soon as news is available!